The vine, Vitis vinifera , is a shrubby climbing plant whose first appearance on earth is dated around three million years ago. Known to be present in the temperate areas of Europe,
it was Christianity through the Eucharistic rite, to spread it throughout the continents.
With the advent of the phylloxera parasite, vine cultivation underwent a revolutionary change. Since then, vines cultivated for the production of grapes destined for wine-making
are obtained from vine cuttings.
THE BIOLOGICAL CYCLE OF A VINE
THE PRODUCTIVE CYCLE OF PROSECCO DI VALDOBBIADENE
Carried out with a soft pneumatic press.
The grapes are pressed in a soft and delicate way so as to extract exclusively the first-press must:
the best part that comes straight from the heart of the grape.
The must is then directly transferred to temperature controlled decantation and fermentation containers.
The cloudy must is left to rest at low temperatures (5°C - 10°C) in stainless steel vats.
After approximately 10 hours the impurities settle to the bottom of the vat.
The clear part of the wine is then moved to a different container where fermentation begins.
Yeasts are responsible for alcoholic fermentation.
Temperature in the stainless steel vats must remain constant at around 18°C - 20°C in order for fermentation to occur.
This process takes approximately 15-20 days.
For the second fermentation to take place, the wine is placed in a high pressure vat,
where it is to stay for 40-45 days, until enough carbon dioxide (CO2)
is produced to reach the minimum pressure of 3.5 bar (set by the Prosecco protocol).
The Prosecco DOC and DOCG come from the Glera variety.
This husky and vigorous plant is characterised by medium large pyramidal bunches,
elongated and loosely packed, with grapes of a golden yellow colour when ripe.
VALDOBBIADENE SUPERIORE DI CARTIZZE
The "Prosecco di Conegliano-Valdobbiadene" expresses its finest qualitative characteristics
in a small and narrow strip of land known as Cartizze.
The Cartizze area spans over a surface
of 106.8 hectares (Ha) in the municipality of Valdobbiadene,
and it is characterised by plots with particularly clayey soils mainly facing south, hence protected by cold currents yet nicely ventilated.